Important Days

Important Days 

Constitution Day 

  • Constitution Day, also known as ‘Samvidhan Divas’, is celebrated in our country on 26th November every year since 2015 to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution of India
  • On 26th November 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India adopted the Constitution of India, which came into effect from 26th January 1950.

About the Constitution of India

  • The framing of the Constitution took over 2 years, 11 months and 17 days.
  • There were 299 members in the Constituent Assembly and 15 were women and when the constitution was adopted in 1949, 284 members finally signed it.
  • During this period, it held 11 sessions covering 165 days, and its members submitted around 7,600 amendments to the draft Constitution.
  • Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the chairman of the Constituent Assembly.
  • Dr BR Ambedkar was the chairman of the Drafting Committee of India’s Constitution. He is known as the “Father of the constitution”.
  • Originally, the Indian Constitution had a total of 395 articles (divided into 22 parts) and 8 schedules.

Women in drafting of Constitution 

  • 15 women were the members of the Constituent Assembly that contributed in the making of the constitution. 
  • One of them is Dakshayini Velayudhan, who belonged to a marginalised community and made important interventions to protect the rights of the oppressed classes.
  • Durgabai Deshmukh, Hansa Mehta, Rajkumari Amrit Kaur, Sarojini Naidu, Vijay Lakshmi Pandit and the other women members had contributed significantly on topics related to women.

International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women

  • The International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women is observed on November 25, every year to pay tribute to the Mirabal sisters, the Dominican Republic activists who were murdered at the order of Rafael Trujilllo in 1960.
  • In 1993, the United Nations General Assembly adopted Resolution for the Elimination of Violence Against Women to raise awareness about gender-based violence against women.
  • In 1999 the General Assembly proclaimed 25 November as the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women.
  • Theme 2022 – ‘UNITE! Activism to End Violence against Women and Girls.’

Sports and Games

Youth World Boxing Championships, Spain

  • Indian boxers Vishwanath Suresh, Vanshaj, and Devika Ghorpade won gold medals at the IBA Youth Men’s and Women’s World Championships 2022 in La Nucia, Spain.
  • Vishwanath Suresh won India’s first gold at the prestigious championships.
  • Bhawana Sharma and Ashish won silver medals.
  • With 11 medals, India topped in the ongoing edition of the event, followed by Uzbekistan (10), Ireland (7) and Kazakhstan (7).

Awards and Honour 

UNESCO Asia-Pacific Awards for Cultural Heritage Conservation 2022

  • The awards winners are 
  • “Distinction of Merit” for the restoration of the 17th century stepwells inside the Qutb Shahi Tombs Complex in Hyderabad, Telangana.  
  • “Award of Merit” for the conservation work on the Domakonda Fort, built in the 18th century in Kamareddy district, Telangana. 
  • Byculla Station of Mumbai also won the “Award of Merit”. 
  • The restoration of the 100-year-old Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya in Mumbai has won the Award of Excellence. The museum is a part of the Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai’s world heritage property. It was established as the Prince of Wales Museum of Western India in 1922.


  • The UNESCO Asia-Pacific Awards for Cultural Heritage Conservation (‘Awards’) recognizes exemplary efforts by individuals and organizations to restore or conserve structures, places and properties of heritage value in the region. 


  • Headquarters – Paris, France
  • Formation – 16 November 1945
  • Director-General – Audrey Azoulay (France)

Books and Author 

Book by former Reserve Bank of India Governor C. Rangarajan was released 

  • The book “Forks in The Road – My Days at RBI and Beyond”, written by the former Reserve Bank of India Governor C. Rangarajan was released at a function in Chennai.
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