Govt-Welfare oriented Govt. Schemes their utility
Sanitation Workers’ Development Schemes
- Chief Minister M.K. Stalin inaugurated the Sanitation Workers’ Development Scheme to protect the welfare of conservancy workers in the State.
- A mobile application was launched to help identify and collect census data of sanitation workers as part of the scheme.
- The scheme will be implemented on a pilot basis in select local bodies.
- Under the scheme, steps will be taken to
- Ensure that the workers beneﬁt from various government welfare schemes
- Provide them the necessary training to gain skills essential in mechanised cleanliness drives Ensure that they get pension and insurance
- Ensure that their children have access to proper education, among other measures
- The sanitation workers will also be encouraged to start alternative businesses and be supported in their endeavor through loans.
Single window system for Green Initiative
- A single window system will be used to approve green initiatives through ‘Guidance TN’ in the State.
- It will play a major role in making Tamil Nadu a trillion dollar economy by 2030.
- Tamil Nadu is focusing on climate literacy to create awareness on climate change among school and college students.
- The government planned to raise ₹1,000 crore towards a Green Climate Fund, and the State government had contributed ₹100 crore to it.
- A Climate Change Mission was also launched.
About Guidance TN
- Guidance Tamil Nadu (formerly Tamil Nadu Industrial Guidance and Export Promotion Bureau) is the investment promotion agency of the Government of Tamil Nadu.
- It is constituted to reach out to prospective investors and make them invest in the state of Tamil Nadu.
About Climate Change Mission
- The Mission aims to protect the natural resources in the state besides restoring them on a long-term basis.
- The mission will ensure that the state shall achieve carbon neutrality much ahead of the 2070 target set by India.
- The state is first to launch its own Climate Change Mission to make Tamil Nadu a climate smart state.
Cancer Cases on the rise in India
- Based on the data from the National Cancer Registry Program, the central government has announced in the Lok Sabha that the number of people suffering from cancer in the country will increase by 12.8 percent this year.
- The Rashtriya Arogya Nidhi (RAN) offers financial aid to low-income patients from families that are below the poverty line who have serious life-threatening illnesses and need medical care at one of the super specialty hospitals or institutes or other public hospitals.
- Under the Health Minister’s Cancer Patient Fund (a component of RAN), ₹216. 98 lakh was utilised for 40 beneficiaries as on December 5, 2022, in the 2022-23 fiscal.
- During the previous fiscal year, 64 beneficiaries received ₹585.05 lakh, while 196 patients received ₹1,573 lakh in 2020–21 and 470 patients received ₹2,677.08 lakh in 2019–20.
Government schemes for cancer patients
- Cancer treatment under the Ayushman Bharat-Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana.
- High-quality generic drugs at affordable price under Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP)
- Affordable Medicines and Reliable Implants for Treatment (AMRIT) pharmacy stores
- Free or subsidized treatment in government hospitals
- Funding for poor patients through Rashtriya Arogya Nidhi (RAN)
Infrastructural Development for Cancer Treatment
- Cancer Treatment Facilities in all 22 AIIMS Hospitals.
- Development of cancer treatment facilities in 13 State Government Medical Colleges-Hospitals.
- 20 Tertiary Cancer Care Centers (TCCCs)
- 19 State Cancer Institutes (SCIs)
- The establishment of the National Cancer Institute in Jhajjar (Haryana) and the second campus of the Chittaranjan National Cancer Institute in Kolkata
TB Elimination in India by 2025
- The National Tuberculosis Elimination Programme (NTEP), previously known as Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP), aims to strategically reduce TB burden in India by 2025, five years ahead of the Sustainable Development Goals.
- In 2022, from January to October 20.16 lakh people were infected with TB (Tuberculosis) and 73,551 people died from the disease.
- According to the Global TB Report 2022, the incidence of TB in the country has decreased by 18 percent.
- In 2015, 256 out of 100,000 people in India were affected by the disease, while last year it was 210 out of 100,000.
- The central government plans to eliminate tuberculosis in the country by 2025 through measures such as state-district level program in areas where the incidence of tuberculosis is high. The screening for tuberculosis is done among weak and those suffering from other diseases.
- According to the statistics of the states, 1,864 primary health centers and 8,327 sub-health centers are functioning as Ayushman Bharat Health and Wellness Centers in the country.
- States and Union Territories have been directed to convert 1.50 lakh rural and urban primary health centers in the country into Ayushman Bharat Health and Wellness Centres.
- TB is caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
- Currently, two vaccines VPM (Vakzine Projekt Management) 1002 and MIP (Mycobacterium Indicus Pranii) have been developed and identified for TB which are under clinical trials.
- The World Tuberculosis (TB) Day is observed on 24th March every year.
The Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine is presently the sole vaccine available for the prevention of TB.