National Mathematics Day (NMD)
- The day is annually celebrated on December 22 to mark the birth anniversary of renowned Indian Mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan
- The day is marked to recognise and celebrate the works of Srinivasa Ramanujan and highlight the importance of Mathematics.
- 22nd December 2022 marks the 135th birth anniversary of Srinivasa Ramanujan.
- It was on February 26, 2012, the government announced that December 22 will be observed as NMD
- The year 2012 was declared as National Mathematics Year.
About Srinivasa Ramanujan
- Born – 22nd December 1887 in Erode.
- He studied mathematics at Cambridge University and was chosen as a fellow at the prestigious Royal Society of London, United Kingdom (UK) in 1918.
- Second Indian to receive Royal Society Fellowship after Ardaseer Cursetjee in 1841.
- First Indian to be elected as a Fellow of Trinity College.
- His biography “The Man Who Knew Infinity: A Life of the Genius Ramanujan” was authored by Robert Kanigel and published in 1991.
- The biopic “The Man Who Knew Infinity” (2015) is based on his life.
- He passed away on April 26, 1920 in Madras at the age of 32.
National Farmers’ Day, or Kisan Diwas
- The day is celebrated on 23 December every year to celebrate the life and achievements of the farmers and to highlight their efforts and importance to the country.
- The day also marks the birth anniversary of Chaudhary Charan Singh.
- He was the fifth Prime Minister of India (July 28, 1979 to January 14, 1980) and is known for his contributions to empowering Indian farmers.
- He was famously called as ‘Champion of Indian Peasants’
Awards & Honours
Sahitya Akademi Awards 2022
- Sahitya Akademi, announced its annual Sahitya Akademi Awards in 23 languages.
- 7 books of poetry, 6 of novels, 2 of short stories, 3 Play/Dramas, 2 Literary Criticism, one each of Autobiographical Essays, Collection of Articles and Literary History have won the Sahitya Akademi Awards 2022.
- Award in Bengali language will be announced on a later date.
SAHITYA AKADEMI AWARD 2022
|Language||Title and Genre||Name of the Author|
|Assamese||Bhool Satya (Short Stories)||Manoj Kumar Goswami|
|Bodo||Sansrini Modira (Poetry)||Rashmi Choudhury|
|Dogri||Chhe Roopak (Drama)||Veena Gupta|
|English||All The Lives We Never Lived (Novel)||Anuradha Roy|
|Gujarati||Gher Jatan (Autobiographical Essays).||Gulam Mohammad Shaikh|
|Hindi||Tumadi Ke Shabd (Poetry)||Badri Narayan|
|Kannada||Bahutvada Bhaarata mattu Bouddha Taatvikate (Collection of Articles)||Mudnakudu Chinnaswamy|
|Kashmiri||Zael Dab (Literary Criticism)||Farooq Fayaz|
|Konkani||Amrutvel (Novel)||Maya Anil Kharangate|
|Maithili||Pen-Drive Me Prithvi (Poetry)||Ajit Azad|
|Malayalam||Ashaante Seethayanam (Literary Criticism)||M. Thomas Mathew|
|Manipuri||Leironnung (Poetry)||Kojam Shantibala|
|Marathi||Ujavya Sondechya Bahulya (Novel)||Praveen Dashrath Bandekar|
|Nepali||Saino (Drama)||KB Nepali|
|Odia||Dayanadi (Poetry)||Gayatribala Panda|
|Punjabi||Main Aynghosh Nahi (Short Stories)||Sukhit|
|Rajasthani||Alekhun Amba (Play)||Kamal Ranga|
|Sanskrit||Deepmanikyam (Poetry)||Janardan Prasad Pandey ‘Mani|
|Santali||Sabaraka Balire Sanan’ Panjay (Poetry)||Kajli Soren (Jagannath Soren)|
|Sindhi||Sindhi Sahit Jo Mukhtasar Itihas
|Tamil||Kaala Paani (Novel)||M. Rajendran|
|Telugu||Manodharmaparagam (Novel)||Madhuranthakam Narendra|
|Urdu||Khwab Saraab (Novel)||Anis Ashfaq|
Sahitya Akademi Translation Awards 2022
- It is a literary honour in India, presented by Sahitya Akademi given to outstanding translations of creative and critical works in 24 major Indian languages.
|Language||Title of the Translation||Translator||Name of the original book, Genre, Language & Author|
|English||Poonachi or The Story of a Black Goat||N. Kalyan Raman||Poonachi (Novel), Tamil,
|Tamil||Yaad Vashem||K. Nallathambi||Yaad Vashem (Novel), Kannada, Nemichandra|
About Kala Pani (Black Water)
- It is a historical novel written by former IAS oﬃcer M. Rajendrana.
- The novel depicts the defeat and exile of 72 people, including Vengai Periya Udayanna Devar, the ruler of Sivaganga, and Duraisamy, son of Chinna Marudu, after the Kalayarkoil war (June .
- Deporting people to an unknown island was called Kala Pani, also referred to as Theevanthira Thandanai
- The novel was published by Agani Publishers in 2020
- The novel begins with the exile of the 72 people in a ship on February 11, 1802. They reached Penang after 62 days.
About Sahitya Akademi Awards
- The Sahitya Akademi award is the second-highest literary honour by the Government of India, after the Jnanpith award.
- The award was established on March 12, 1954
- Akademi gives 24 awards annually to literary works in the languages it has recognized
- It has recognised 24 languages (22 languages enumerated in the Constitution of India, English and Rajasthani)
- Also known as India’s National Academy of Letters
- Sahitya Akademi Bal Sahitya Puraskar is given to an author based on his/her total contribution to children literature.
- Sahitya Akademi Yuva Puraskar relates to books published by an author of the age of 35 and below.
Appointments – Who is who?
New Commander of Air Force Station Tambaram
- Air Commodore Ratish Kumar took over the command of Air Force Station Tambaram.
- Air Commodore Ratish Kumar is an alumnus of National Defence Academy with vast flying experience of over 5000 hours on Sukhoi-30, Mig-21, Kiran and HPT aircrafts.
- He is a Category `A’ Qualified Flying Instructor.
- He had earlier commanded a premier Su-30MK\Squadron.
- The officer was serving as Commanding Officer of Flying Instructors School, Tambaram before assuming the current appointment.