Important Days

Important Days

National Mathematics Day (NMD)

    • The day is annually celebrated on December 22 to mark the birth anniversary of renowned Indian Mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan
    • The day is marked to recognise and celebrate the works of Srinivasa Ramanujan and highlight the importance of Mathematics.
    • 22nd December 2022 marks the 135th birth anniversary of Srinivasa Ramanujan.
    • It was on February 26, 2012, the government announced that December 22 will be observed as NMD
  • The year 2012 was declared as National Mathematics Year.

About Srinivasa Ramanujan

  • Born – 22nd December 1887 in Erode.
  • He studied mathematics at Cambridge University and was chosen as a fellow at the prestigious Royal Society of London, United Kingdom (UK) in 1918.
  • Second Indian to receive Royal Society Fellowship after Ardaseer Cursetjee in 1841.
  • First Indian to be elected as a Fellow of Trinity College.
  • His biography “The Man Who Knew Infinity: A Life of the Genius Ramanujan” was authored by Robert Kanigel and published in 1991.
  • The biopic “The Man Who Knew Infinity” (2015) is based on his life.
  • He passed away on April 26, 1920 in Madras at the age of 32.

National Farmers’ Day, or Kisan Diwas

    • The day is celebrated on 23 December every year to celebrate the life and achievements of the farmers and to highlight their efforts and importance to the country.
  • The day also marks the birth anniversary of Chaudhary Charan Singh.
    • He was the fifth Prime Minister of India (July 28, 1979 to January 14, 1980) and is known for his contributions to empowering Indian farmers.
  • He was famously called as ‘Champion of Indian Peasants’

Awards & Honours

Sahitya Akademi Awards 2022

  • Sahitya Akademi, announced its annual Sahitya Akademi Awards in 23 languages.
  • 7 books of poetry, 6 of novels, 2 of short stories, 3 Play/Dramas, 2 Literary Criticism, one each of Autobiographical Essays, Collection of Articles and Literary History have won the Sahitya Akademi Awards 2022.
  • Award in Bengali language will be announced on a later date.


Language Title and Genre Name of the Author
Assamese  Bhool Satya (Short Stories) Manoj Kumar Goswami
Bodo Sansrini Modira (Poetry) Rashmi Choudhury
Dogri Chhe Roopak (Drama) Veena Gupta
English All The Lives We Never Lived (Novel) Anuradha Roy
Gujarati Gher Jatan (Autobiographical Essays). Gulam Mohammad Shaikh
Hindi Tumadi Ke Shabd (Poetry) Badri Narayan
Kannada Bahutvada Bhaarata mattu Bouddha Taatvikate (Collection of Articles) Mudnakudu Chinnaswamy
Kashmiri Zael Dab (Literary Criticism) Farooq Fayaz
Konkani Amrutvel (Novel) Maya Anil Kharangate
Maithili Pen-Drive Me Prithvi (Poetry) Ajit Azad
Malayalam Ashaante Seethayanam (Literary Criticism) M. Thomas Mathew
Manipuri Leironnung (Poetry) Kojam Shantibala
Marathi Ujavya Sondechya Bahulya (Novel) Praveen Dashrath Bandekar
Nepali Saino (Drama) KB Nepali
Odia Dayanadi (Poetry) Gayatribala Panda
Punjabi Main Aynghosh Nahi (Short Stories) Sukhit
Rajasthani Alekhun Amba (Play) Kamal Ranga
Sanskrit Deepmanikyam (Poetry) Janardan Prasad Pandey ‘Mani
Santali Sabaraka Balire Sanan’ Panjay (Poetry) Kajli Soren (Jagannath Soren)
Sindhi Sindhi Sahit Jo Mukhtasar Itihas 

(Literary History)

Kanhaiyalal Lekhwani
Tamil Kaala Paani (Novel) M. Rajendran
Telugu Manodharmaparagam (Novel) Madhuranthakam Narendra
Urdu Khwab Saraab (Novel) Anis Ashfaq

Sahitya Akademi Translation Awards 2022

  • It is a literary honour in India, presented by Sahitya Akademi given to outstanding translations of creative and critical works in 24 major Indian languages.
Language Title of the Translation Translator Name of the original book, Genre, Language & Author
English Poonachi or The Story of a Black Goat N. Kalyan Raman Poonachi (Novel), Tamil,

Perumal Murugan

Tamil Yaad Vashem K. Nallathambi Yaad Vashem (Novel), Kannada, Nemichandra

About Kala Pani (Black Water)

  • It is a historical novel written by former IAS ocer M. Rajendrana.
  • The novel depicts the defeat and exile of 72 people, including Vengai Periya Udayanna Devar, the ruler of Sivaganga, and Duraisamy, son of Chinna Marudu, after the Kalayarkoil war (June .
    • Deporting people to an unknown island was called Kala Pani, also referred to as Theevanthira Thandanai
  • The novel was published by Agani Publishers in 2020
  • The novel begins with the exile of the 72 people in a ship on February 11, 1802. They reached Penang after 62 days.

About Sahitya Akademi Awards 

  • The Sahitya Akademi award is the second-highest literary honour by the Government of India, after the Jnanpith award.
  • The award was established on March 12, 1954 
    • Akademi gives 24 awards annually to literary works in the languages it has recognized
  • It has recognised 24 languages (22 languages enumerated in the Constitution of India, English and Rajasthani)
  • Also known as India’s National Academy of Letters
  • Sahitya Akademi Bal Sahitya Puraskar is given to an author based on his/her total contribution to children literature.
  • Sahitya Akademi Yuva Puraskar relates to books published by an author of the age of 35 and below.

Appointments – Who is who?

New Commander of Air Force Station Tambaram

  • Air Commodore Ratish Kumar took over the command of Air Force Station Tambaram.


  • Air Commodore Ratish Kumar is an alumnus of National Defence Academy with vast flying experience of over 5000 hours on Sukhoi-30, Mig-21, Kiran and HPT aircrafts. 
  • He is a Category `A’ Qualified Flying Instructor.
  • He had earlier commanded a premier  Su-30MK\Squadron.
  • The officer was serving as Commanding Officer of Flying Instructors School, Tambaram before assuming the current appointment.
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