Policy on Environment and Ecology

Policy on Environment and Ecology

Zero Poaching of Rhinos in Assam in 2022

  • Assam recorded zero poaching of Rhinoceros for the first time in nearly 45 years in 2022.

About India Rhinoceros

    • Indian Rhinos are Asia’s largest species of rhino.
    • They are found in India (Assam, West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh), Nepal and Bhutan.
    • IUCN Status – Vulnerable
    • Indian Rhinos have only one horn Rhino horn is made up of keratin – protein which forms the basis of our hair and nails.
    • Habitat: Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas and shrublands, tropical moist forests, deserts and shrublands.
    • Threats: Horn poaching for medicinal value, habitat loss.
  • Highest Population : Kaziranga National Park
  • Highest Population density of Indian Rhinos : Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary

Initiatives for rhino conversion in India

  • Indian Rhino Vision 2020 was launched in 2005 to increase the rhino population in Assam to 3,000 by establishing populations in seven protected areas.
  • Special Rhino Protection Force constituted by Assam to check rhino poaching and related activities
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