NGT Penalty
▪ The Southern Bench of the National Green Tribunal has directed Chennai Petroleum Corporation Limited (CPCL) to pay ₹5 crore as compensation for the oil spill in Pattinamacherry, off Nagapattinam coast, in March 2023.
▪ The leak occurred in CPCL’s Cauvery Basin Refinery at Nagapattinam.
▪ As per Tamil Nadu Pollution Control Board (TNPCB) 10,000 litres of oil had leaked, whereas only 9,000 litres were removed or recovered.
About NGT
Statutory body under the National Green Tribunal Act 2010.
Objective – For effective and expeditious disposal of cases related to environmental protection.
▪ Principal Place of Sitting of the Tribunal – New Delhi.

T.N.’s rice yield
▪ Tamil Nadu’s yield of rice, during 2023-24 for both the cultivation seasons of kharif and rabi, is lower than that of the national average.
▪ The yield for the year 2023-24 is 2.31 tonnes per hectare in Tamil Nadu whereas the all-India average is 2.74 tonnes per hectare.
▪ In terms of yield, Tamil Nadu trailed behind two States known for rice production — Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.

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