Environment and Ecology
The Red List of Ecosystems
▪ IUCN recently released the, “Red List of Mangrove Ecosystems”.
▪ It is the first-ever global assessment of the mangrove ecosystems across the world.
Key findings
▪ 50% of mangrove ecosystems are at risk of collapse.
▪ By 2050 about 7,065 km2 (5 %) more mangroves will be lost and 23,672 km2 (16%) will be submerged due to sea level rise.
▪ Mangroves in coastal regions around Tamil Nadu, Sri Lanka and the Maldives were designated as ‘critically endangered’.

▪ The Tamil Nadu Forest Department has constituted 20 village mangrove committees to protect the mangrove cover.
▪ In Tamil Nadu, according to the Indian State of Forest Report, the extent of mangroves had doubled from 23 in 2001 to 45 in 2021.
▪ Mangrove restoration has been completed in 25 so far under the Tamil Nadu Coastal Restoration Mission.

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