Minorities Rights Day (December 18)
- The Day is observed every year to create awareness among the people about the rights of minorities.
- The day aims to safeguard the individual rights of the religious, ethnic, racial, or linguistic minorities in the country.
- On December 18, 1992, the United Nations adopted the day as Minorities Rights Day.
- The National Commission for Minorities was set up under the National Commission for Minorities Act 1992.
- In India, six religious communities have been notified as minority communities – Muslims, Sikhs, Buddhists, Christians, Zoroastrians and Jains.
- Article 30(1) – Right of all religious and linguistic minorities to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice
- Article 30(2) – Freedom of minority-managed educational institutions from discrimination in the matter of receiving aid from the State.
VIjay Diwas (December 16)
- December 16 is a day recognised to honour the valour of soldiers who helped India emerge triumphant over Pakistan in 1971 war.
- The year 2022 is the 51st anniversary of the event, which led to the creation of Bangladesh.
About 1971 Indo-Pak War
- The struggle for independence in East Pakistan started on December 3, 1971, and ended later on December 16, 1971 with the surrender of the Pakistan army.
- On December 16, 1971 the then Major-General in the Pakistan Army, Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi, surrendered to the joint forces of Indian Army and Bangladesh’s Mukti Bahini.
- Niazi signed the ‘Instrument of Surrender’ at Ramna Race Course in Dacca (now Dhaka, capital of Bangladesh).
- The ‘Instrument of Surrender’ was signed and accepted by Lieutenant General Jagjit Singh Aurora, the then General Officer Commanding-in-Chief of India’s Eastern Command.
- As a result, Bangladesh was brought on the world map, which was until then East Pakistan.
- Bangladesh celebrates the day as ‘Bijoy Dibos’ to mark the country’s formal independence from Pakistan.
- Capital – Dhaka
- Currency – Taka
- President – Abdul Hamid
- Prime Minister – Sheikh Hasina