Important Days

World Zoonoses Day – 6th July

  • It was instituted to educate and raise awareness about zoonotic diseases that can transmit from animals to humans.
  • Theme 2023 – One World, One Health: Prevent Zoonoses, Stop the Spread


  • On this day in 1885, the French biologist, Louis Pasteur successfully administered the first vaccine against rabies, which is a zoonotic disease.
  • On July 6, 2007, the 100th anniversary of Louis Pasteur’s passing, the first World Zoonoses Day was commemorated to recognise his contributions to the study of zoonotic illnesses.

Zoonotic diseases

  • Zoonosis is an infectious disease that has jumped from a non-human animal to humans.
  • Zoonotic pathogens may be bacterial, viral or parasitic, or may involve unconventional agents and can spread to humans through direct contact or through food, water or the environment.

Zoonotic Diseases in India

    • A recent report from the State of the World’s Forests 2022 predicts India as a potential hotspot for zoonotic viral diseases.
  • About 70% of all emerging diseases such as rabies, swine flu, nipah, brucellosis, 
  • leptospirosis, porcine cysticercosis, kala azar (Black fever) and zika that affect humans are zoonotic in nature. 

World Organizations – Pacts and Summits

High Seas Treaty

  • The UN adopted the Marine Biodiversity of Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction (BBNJ) or the High Seas Treaty.
  • It became the third agreement to be approved under UNCLOS, after the 1994 and 1995 treaties, which established the International Seabed Authority and the Fish Stocks agreement.
  • The treaty’s objective is to implement international regulations to protect life in oceans beyond national jurisdiction through international cooperation.
  • The treaty aims to address critical issues such as the increasing sea surface temperatures, overexploitation of marine biodiversity, overfishing, coastal pollution, and unsustainable practices beyond national jurisdiction.

Sports & Games

World Youth Championships Archery

  • India compound women archers win U-18, U-21 gold medals in World Youth Championships and totally 4 medals won in Archery held in Ireland.
  • India women’s under-18 compound team of Aishwarya Sharma, Aditi Swami and Ekta Rani defeated their opponents from USA for their first gold medal. 
  • The U-21 trio of Avneet Kaur, Parneet Kaur and Pragati prevailed over Mexico’s Adriana Castillo, Jimenez Valdez and Selene Rodriguez 222-214 to complete its dominance.
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